The Logic stage corresponds roughly to 6th-9th grades. The focus here is developing critical thinking. It is not enough to know that something happened, but why it happened.
Students at this age want to discuss, debate and argue and this is exactly the format in which subjects are taught. The student begins to connect all the facts she has learned and discover the relationships among them.
“The first grader has learned that Rome fell to the barbarians; the fifth grader asks why and discovers high taxes and corruption.” (S. Wise Bauer). How did one set of circumstances influence another for a certain outcome and how does that apply to today?
The trend in education is to replace fact/knowledge assimilation with thinking skills, but the classical model recognizes that these two are not mutually exclusive but actually interdependent. One flows naturally from the other and one cannot occur properly until the other is established.
Additionally, the formal rules of logic are taught as well as how to unpack an argument. This provides the thinker with at set of rules that allows him to test whether he can trust information he is receiving.
Is it a logical fallacy or does the syllogism follow through accurately? We do not want students to merely repeat what they have heard, but give reasons and work with the information to reflect personal thought.